Net neutrality is the principle that Internet service providers treat all data on the Internet equally, and not discriminate or charge differently by user, content, website, platform, application, type of attached equipment, or method of communication.
The term was coined by Columbia University media law professor Tim Wu in 2003, as an extension of the longstanding concept of a common carrier, which was used to describe the role of telephone systems.
Without net neutrality, those who provide services to consumers so they can access the internet would have more control. They could put severe caps on internet use, potentially limit individual subscribers who are critical of them or charge enormous fees for services so that internet access is available to only a wealthy few.
Companies looking for ways to earn
Services like Whatsapp Call have impacted the revenue of operators. In this case, companies are searching for a new revenue stream. According to experts, in the absence of net neutrality, companies can charge more than the data prices for internet calling service. Apart from this, the risk of making the cost of expensive and slow down net calling services will remain intact. If this happens then companies will want consumers to pay different money for different services.
Benefits of Net Nutrition
The biggest advantage of this is that consumers will get a similar speed on every website. After Net Nutrition has been implemented, companies will not be able to block or block the content of any website. Simply put, neither the companies will be able to make a website free and will not be able to charge extra for any service.
This is exactly the same as the electricity company does not fix rates based on the equipment used in the home. Whether you use the TV more or the refrigerator bill is according to consumption. While there is a debate on this issue in another world, the Indian Telecom Regulatory Authority (TRAI) stands in favour of Net Neutrality.
In 2010 Chile passed the Act and implemented Net Neutrality in the whole country. Four years ago, free access to zero sites was also restricted to select sites in the companies.
Understand what is Net Neutrality
Let’s say that you get 1 GB Internet data every day for 28 days per day on the recharge of 200 rupees. You can use this data for YouTube, WhatsApp, Facebook or any service or website. But if net neutrality is not applicable then besides data you may have to pack a separate package for Facebook or Whatsapp, or if any company wants to take extra money to increase the speed of a particular service.
What are the Pros and Cons of Net Neutrality?
Pros of Net Neutrality
- It creates an equal playing field
- It protects innovation
- It provides everyone with freedom of expression
- Illegal activities are still monitored
- It would classify internet service providers as a utility provider
Cons of Net Neutrality
- Enormous amounts of data are consumed without compensation
- Reduced income from internet uses limits infrastructure improvements
- Priorities could be assigned by the ISP
- Questionable content thrives in net neutrality
- Free internet access would likely go away
- Charging companies more just means services will cost more
- More regulations would create slower access
- Public utilities have plenty of problems that many just overlook
The pros and cons of net neutrality will continue to be debated, especially in terms of cost and access. When each key point is carefully considered and debated, together we can come up with a reasonable solution that will benefit all of us.
Net Neutrality status in the world
Brazil implemented net neutrality legal in 2014. Through this law, companies have also been prohibited from adopting different bandwidth to give consumers a similar Internet speed.
In 2015, the US made net neutrality mandatory. The Obama government drafted it in February and passed it in March. The World Bank report revealed that every 10% increase in high-speed Internet connection is 1.3% more economic growth.
In 2012, the Netherlands became the first European country to legislate to protect the interests of consumers. Under this law, consumers of telecom companies were banned for charging extra service and blocking any service.